Best Mathematical Craps Strategy

Best Mathematical Craps Strategy

Understanding the Odds

Craps is one of the most exciting games in the casino, characterized by the roar of dice and the sound of cheers or groans, depending on the result. But beyond the thrill, lies a game of mathematics and probability. While craps is inherently a game of chance, understanding the math behind it can improve your play and increase your chances of winning, or at least minimizing losses. Let’s dive into the best mathematical strategies for playing craps.


The Basics

Before delving into strategy, it’s important to understand the basic game mechanics. Craps is played with two dice, and the numbers rolled can range from 2 (snake eyes) to 12 (boxcars). The game begins with a “come out” roll. If the shooter (the person rolling the dice) rolls a 7 or 11, they win. If they roll a 2, 3, or 12, they lose. Any other number establishes a ‘point’. Once a point is established, the shooter tries to roll that number again before rolling a 7.

House Edge

Understanding the house edge on different bets is key. Some bets in craps offer decent odds for players, while others heavily favor the house.

  • Pass Line and Come Bets: The house edge for the basic Pass Line bet is about 1.41%. This makes it one of the better bets in the casino, not just in craps.
  • Don’t Pass and Don’t Come Bets: These bets have an even lower house edge, coming in at about 1.36%. They’re basically the opposite of the Pass Line and Come bets.
  • Taking Odds: This is the best bet in craps as it pays at true odds, meaning the house has no edge. Once a point is established, players can “take odds” on their Pass Line bet by placing additional chips behind the initial bet.
  • Place Bets: While the 6 and 8 have a house edge of 1.52%, other numbers like 5 and 9 or 4 and 10 offer worse odds.

The Best Strategy: Keeping It Simple

Given the house edges, the optimal strategy boils down to a few key principles:

  1. Stick to Pass/Don’t Pass and Come/Don’t Come Bets: Start with these basic bets which offer a decent balance of risk to reward.
  2. Maximize Odds Bets: Once a point is established, back your bets with the odds as much as possible. The odds bet is the best in craps as it’s the only one where the house has no advantage.
  3. Avoid Proposition Bets: These are the bets in the center of the table. They come with high house edges and are generally considered “sucker bets.”
  4. Manage Your Bankroll: Like any gambling strategy, it’s crucial to set a budget and stick to it. Winning at craps is as much about preserving your bankroll as it is about walking away when you’re up.


While craps is undoubtedly a game of chance, a solid understanding of the odds can give you an advantage. Remember to stick to the basic bets, maximize the odds, and steer clear of proposition bets. With a sound mathematical strategy, you can enjoy the thrill of the game and increase your chances of leaving the table a winner.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *